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A Guide to the Spanish-American War Photographs

Finding aid created by Michelle Vega

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections
April 2011


Descriptive Summary

Title: Spanish-American War Photographs
Dates: 1898
Abstract: Bulk of collection contains images from the Santiago region of Cuba and the Tampa Bay region of Florida during the Spanish-American War.
Extent: 0.6 Linear feet. 2 boxes.
Identification: MS 282
Language(s): English

Biographical/Historical Note

The Spanish-American War (1898) took place in the Caribbean (Cuba and Puerto Rico) and the Pacific territories of Spain (Philippines and Guam). American forces helped Cuban separatists win independence from Spanish colonialism. The creators of this collection may be two infantrymen, E.M. Bane and J.C. Wheate, who served as photographers in the Corps of Engineers for General William Ludlow in his campaign from Tampa, Florida to Santiago, Cuba in 1898.

The United States declared war on Spain in April 1898 after the sinking of the U.S. Battleship Maine in Havana Harbor. The war ended roughly four months later in a Spanish defeat. As a result Spain lost the remainder of its colonies (Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and Guam).


Scope and Content

The photographs that comprise this collection were taken by American troops. The physical settings range from Tampa, Fla. to the south of Cuba with some in camp at Montauk, N.Y. Although the photographs are unsigned, internal evidence suggests the photographers were E.M. Bane and J.C. Wheate. Many of the images are of areas of Cuba where their unit, the Corps of Engineers, encamped and fought battles. The collection also includes portraits of General Ludlow and his staff in the field. The images are particularly focused on the campaign to take Santiago. The photos, probably taken after the capture of the city by American forces, show various Spanish defenses: trench works protecting Santiago and the hulk of Reina Mercedes, sunk to form an obstacle to American naval forces in the bay. There are typed captions on the front of the photos with additional information on the back. Each image is numbered by the creator, however the photos seem to have been organized in two series, and the numbers overlap.


Arrangement

The collection is organized according to the numbers and caption topics originally assigned to the photos.


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

The collection is open for research.


Related or Separated Material

Cusick, James and Rikesh Thakrar. "The American Military in Cuba and Mexico: Photographs 1898-1916." University of Florida, 21 October 2003.http://www.library.ufl.edu/spec/pkyonge/warphotos.html. See also: "Map of Santiago Campaign: June 22-24, 1898." Emersenkent.com. Accessed on 14 March 2011.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Spanish-American War Photographs, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.


Contents List

Box Folder
1 1 Morro Castle
1 1 1) View of castle and wreck of Reina Mercedes
1 1 2) Morro battery (West)
1 1 3) Morro battery (East)
1 1 4) Morro battery (East)
1 2 Socapa
1 2 5) Socapa: cannon pointing south.
1 2 6) Another view of #5.
1 2 7) Socapa: cannon pointing east.
1 2 8) Another view of #7.
1 2 9) Socapa: facing west.
1 2 10) Another view of #9.
1 2 11) Hotchkiss guns.
1 2 12) Another view of #11.
1 2 13) Block house.
1 3 Punta Gorda
1 3 14) 16 C.M. rifles pointing south.
1 3 15) Another view of #14.
1 3 16) 15 C.M. Howitzers pointing south.
1 3 17) 2 C.M. siege Howitzers pointing east.
1 3 18) 2 C.M. Howitzers pointing south
1 3 19) View of Punta Gorda from Socapa.
1 3 20) Lower shot of 16 C.M. rifle facing west.
1 4 El Caney
1 4 29) Looking toward El Caney from General Ludlow's line. (1 July 1898).
1 4 30) Another view of #29.
1 4 31) Refugees. (8 July 1898).
1 4 32) Another view of #29.
1 4 34) Image taken after battle.
1 5 Cemeteries
1 5 50) Entrance to cemetery near Santiago.
1 5 51) Interior view.
1 5 52) Another view of #51.
1 5 53) Another view of #51-52.
1 5 54) View of cemetery.
1 5 55) Another view of #55.
1 6 Santiago (views)
1 6 56) Spanish gun. (10 July 1898).
1 6 57) Spanish trenches.
1 6 58) View of Morro Castle and entrance to harbor.
1 6 59) Morro Castle.
1 6 60) Near view of Morro Castle.
1 6 61) Wreck of Merrimac.
1 6 62) Wreck of Reina Mercedes.
1 6 63) Santiago Bay, near entrance to harbor.
1 6 64) La Venus Café.
1 6 65) Bull pen.
1 6 66) Block house.
1 6 67) Santiago from deck of Mobile.
1 6 68) Santiago Harbor.
1 7 Portraits #1
1 7 69) General Ludlow and staff in Cuba.
1 7 70) Guard of Engineers at Siboney.
1 8 General Ludlow and Staff
1 8 72) "Tom" and "Frank" at Montauk.
1 8 73) Gen. Ludlow posing in Tampa.
1 8 74) Another view of #73.
1 8 75) C. Norman Howard (Gen. Ludlow's secretary) in Santiago.
1 8 76) Domingo Monagas, striker. (Duplicate).
1 8 77) C. Norman Howard, tent.
1 8 78) Howard with George Leet of Commissary's Department.
1 8 79) Grover, Gen. Ludlow's orderly.
1 8 80) Grover.
1 9 Portraits #2
1 9 81) Cuban black girls at Siboney.
1 9 82) Lieutenants Merchant and Simons of Gen. Ludlow's staff (on ship).
1 9 83) Transport No. 12.
1 9 84) Transports at sea.
1 9 85) Camp of Light Battery "B," 4th Artillery at Port Tampa.
1 9 86) American troops fixing train engine at Siboney.
1 10 Portraits #3
1 10 87) Burning of Siboney (July 1898).
1 10 88) Gen. Ludlow's headquarters at Montauk.
1 10 89) Gen. Ludlow's headquarters at detention camp.
1 10 90) Same as #89, men in tent (Captains Bugher, Washburn, and Leet).
1 10 92) Grover, Gen. Ludlow's orderly.
1 11 Portraits #4
1 11 93) Grover and his bunkmate.
1 11 94) George Leet.
1 11 95) J.C. Wheate, Assistant photographer with Gen. Ludlow.
1 11 96) E.M. Bane, Chief Engineer of Fifth Army Corps.
1 11 97) Dr. Guiteras, surgeon in charge during campaign in Tampa.
2 1 Tampa, FL
2 1 1) Cuban colonel on horse.
2 1 2) Cuban volunteers.
2 1 3) Another view of #2.
2 1 4) Cubans awaiting transport to Cuba.
2 1 5) Another of #4.
2 1 7) Cubans waiting for sailing expedition.
2 1 9) Artillery camp at Port Tampa.
2 1 10) Light Artillery camp at Port Tampa.
2 1 11) Light Artillery awaiting transport.
2 1 12.5) Transports at Port.
2 1 14) Transport Orizaba at dock, Port Tampa.
2 1 15) Ships belonging to Major General Shafter off Port Tampa.
2 1 16) Transports in Tampa Bay.
2 1 17) Red Cross steamer in Tampa Bay.
2 1 18) Hospital ship off Port Tampa.
2 1 19) Transports at Port Tampa.
2 2 General Garcia (as Ascerraderos)
2 2 20) General Garcia at Ascerraderos with staff.
2 2 22) Officers at Gen. Garcia's headquarters.
2 2 23) Three brothers, officers in Gen. Garcia's army.
2 2 24) Cubans of Gen. Garcia's army awaiting embarkation as Ascerraderos.
2 2 25) Another view of #24.
2 2 26) Another view of #24-25.
2 2 26) View of detachment of Cubans under Gen. Garcia.
2 2 27) Temporary pier constructed by engineer corps at Ascerraderos.
2 3 Bombardment
2 3 39) Bombardment of Santiago (10 July 1898).
2 3 40) Another view of #39.
2 3 42) Partial view of Santiago Bay.
2 3 43) Gen. Ludlow's brigade headquarters.
2 3 43.5) View from Gen. Ludlow's headquarters (10 August 1898).
2 4 Montauk
2 4 48) View of camp at Montauk Point.
2 4 49) Montauk campsite.

Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Cuba -- History -- 1899-1906
Ludlow, William 1843-1901
Spanish-American War, 1898 -- Photographs
Spanish American War, 1898 -- Florida -- Tampa Bay -- Photographs
United States -- History -- Spanish American War, 1898



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