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A Guide to the Rex Quinn Papers

Finding aid prepared by John R. Nemmers

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections
August 2004


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Quinn, Rex (Reginald W.)
Title: Rex Quinn Papers
Dates: 1892-1970
Bulk dates: 1950-1968
Abstract: Correspondence, reports, and other materials created or collected by Rex Quinn in his roles as Superintendent of the Seminole Agency and as Chief Tribal Operations Officer with the BIA in the 1950s and 1960s.
Extent: 6.75 Linear feet. 18 Boxes.
Identification: MS 145
Language(s): English
Access: Researchers should consult with Special Collections staff before using the collection because there are access restrictions. See the Access note for more information.

Biographical/Historical Note

Reginald "Rex" W. Quinn served as Superintendent of the Seminole Agency in Hollywood, Florida, from 1965 until his retirement in 1968. A Sisseton Sioux, he was born April 27, 1913 in South Dakota and spent the majority of his adult life working for the Bureau of Indian Affairs, beginning in 1935. His field work with the BIA took him around the country to locations such as Nevada, South Dakota, North Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, and Washington, D.C. He served in several positions throughout his career, and by the 1950s he had become one of the BIA's leading experts in the development of tribal constitutions.

In 1956, he was appointed Chief Tribal Operations Officer for the BIA. In this position, Quinn worked closely with the Seminole Tribe in 1957 when it organized its Tribal Council and Board of Directors under a new constitution and charter. This relationship with the tribe eventually led to his appointment as Superintendent of the Seminole Agency in 1965. As Superintendent, he worked closely with tribal leaders such as Billy Osceola and the members of the Seminole Reservations at Brighton, Big Cypress, and Hollywood (Dania). His work focused on areas such as the Seminole cattle program, land use, housing, education, and tribal government, among other issues.


Scope and Content

Correspondence, reports, financial statements, memoranda, photographs, publications. The collection primarily includes material created or collected by Quinn in his roles as Superintendent of the Seminole Agency and as Chief Tribal Operations Officer with the BIA in the 1950s and 1960s. A large portion of material pertains to the Seminole Tribe of Florida, including land use, cattle, housing, financial matters, tribal governance, health, welfare, and census data. Non-Florida tribes are well-represented in this collection as well, primarily through reports, publications, historical summaries, and Indian Claims Commission dockets and docket summaries. A significant portion of the collection deals with the administration and policy of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Topics include tribal governance, agriculture, funds, tribal relations, land use, constitutions and charters, claims, tribal operations, and legislation. Also included is the correspondence of K.A. Marmon, Seminole Agency Superintendent in the 1950s; Billie Osceola of the Seminole Tribe; and Virgil Harrington, Seminole Agency Superintendent from 1958 to 1963. A small number of photographs represent subjects such as Seminole housing and construction sites on the Seminole Reservations at Big Cypress and Brighton.


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

The collection is open for research. However, due to the private nature of some materials, access to portions of the Rex Quinn Papers is restricted. The collection is restricted because files contain private information including sensitive financial information and biographical data. This restriction of access is indicated at the beginning of each series description in the guide to the collection. Access to restricted collections requires permission from Department Staff, and will be determined on a case by case basis


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Rex Quinn Papers, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.


Contents List

Series 1 - Seminole Tribe of Florida, 1932-1970

This series contains material created or collected by Quinn in his role as Superintendent of the Seminole Agency in Florida from 1965 to 1968. A large number of the files pertain to land use, including Reservation lands and realty, cattle ranching (grazing lands), forestry, housing, home improvement, and construction. Financial documents include credit reports, budgets, and annual statements made by the tribe to the BIA. Other topics include tribal governance and organization, community service and development, the Agricultural Extension Service, welfare, health, and census material. A large number of the documents included in this series are reports, financial statements, memoranda, and correspondence.

Access to this series is restricted because files contain private information, including sensitive financial information and biographical data. Access to restricted collections requires permission from Department Staff, and will be determined on a case by case basis


Box
1 Administration - General (Personnel, Activity Reports, Memos, Office Operations). 1965-1967
1 Administration and Personnel - General Office Operations. 1959-1967
1 Agency Budgets. 1967-1968
1 Calf Crop - Cattle. 1965
1 Cattle Data - Inventories, etc. 1965-1967
1 Cattle Improvement Program. 1966-1968
1 Cattle Program. 1965-1967
1 Charter - Constitution, Administrative Plan. 1964-1970
1 Census: Big Cypress. n.d. (ca. 1965)
1 Census: Brighton. n.d. (ca. 1965)
1 Census: Hollywood (Dania). n.d. (ca. 1965)
1 Community Action Program - CAP Grant. 1965-1967
1 Community Development Reports. 1967
1 Community Service and Community Development Activity Reports, Correspondence. 1966-1967
2 Community Services and Educational Program Contract Proposal. n.d.
2 Confidential Committee Report. 1967
2 Credit - General. 1965-1967
2 Education. 1957-1968
2 Employment Assistance. 1966-1967
2 Everglades National Park - Senate Report. 1932
2 Farmers Home Administration (Land Development). 1966-1967
2 Florida Agricultural Extension Service - Cattle Owners, Ranches. 1966-1967
2 Forestry. 1956-1968
2 Grazing Fees. 1963-1966
2 Green Corn Dance. n.d.
2 Health - State Board of Health and Public Health Services. 1965-1967
2 Hollywood Sewage. 1966
2 Home Improvement Program. 1965-1967
2 Home Rental Enterprise. 1966-1967
2 Housing Assistance (Program Reservation, Housing and Urban Development). 1967
2 Housing (Home Construction). 1966-1967
2 Housing - Improvements. 1966-1967
3 Housing (Loans) Credit Program. 1965
3 Housing (Original Program) - Friends of the Seminoles. 1956
3 Industrial Prospects. 1966-1967
3 Land Operations (General). 1966-1967
3 Law and Order (Crime, Domestic Relations, etc.). 1965-1970
3 Loan Application Justification, Seminole Tribe of Florida. 1967
3 Minutes, Tribal Council and Board of Directors Meetings. 1966-1967
3 Monthly Reports (Reservation Management). 1966-1967
3 Mutual Help Housing. 1967
3 Organization Charts (Agency Reorganization). 1966-1967
3 Orientation - Tribal Operations Staff. 1962
3 Plant Management Activity Reports. 1966-1967
3 Projects - ideas (agriculture, construction, etc.). 1965-1967
3 Publications regarding the Seminoles of Florida. 1956-1966
3 Realty/Land (Big Cypress Leases). 1957
3 Realty/Land (Brighton Leases). 1965-1967
3 Realty/Land Operations, Real Property Management. 1965-1967
3 Realty/Land (Right-of-way), Dania. 1957-1965
3 Realty/Land (State Indian Reservation), Miccosukee and Seminole Tribes. 1965-1967
4 Reservation Developmental Potential (Land Operations). 1967
4 Reservation Programs (Activity Reports). 1966-1967
4 Roads. 1966-1967
4 Seminole Census (Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton). n.d. (ca. 1965)
4 Seminole Claims (Indian Claims Commission). 1954-1961
4 "Seminole Indians in Florida". n.d. (ca. 1940)
4 Seminole Tribe of Florida Annual Credit Report (Balance Sheets, Financial Statements). 1966
4 Seminole Tribe of Florida Annual Credit Report (Balance Sheets, Financial Statements). 1967
4 Seminole Tribe of Florida (Tribal Programs, Muskogee, Charter, Tribal Council, etc.). 1957
4 Seminoles of Florida Ten-Year Program (Economic, Community and Administrative Development). 1966
4 Stores (Brighton and Big Cypress). 1966-1967
4 Tribal Budgets. 1966-1967
4 Tribal Funds - Income Balances. 1965-1967
4 Tribal Housing Authority. 1964-1966
4 Village and Arts and Crafts. 1965-1967
4 Welfare and Assistance. 1965-1968
4 Withdrawal - Seminoles (Termination of Federal Supervision). 1954-1956


Series 2 - Bureau of Indian Affairs Administration and Policy, 1913-1967

The majority of the materials in this series pertain to Quinn's work as Chief Tribal Operations Officer with the BIA in the 1950s and 1960s. A significant portion of the files are related to tribal governance and tribal funds. Other materials include orientation/training materials, reports, census materials, background information on tribes, and legal material (e.g., laws pertaining to tribes). Topics include tribal relations, agriculture, BIA policy, land use, tribal constitutions and charters, tribal funds, the Indian Reorganization Act, and tribal claims.

Access to this series is restricted because files contain private information, including sensitive financial information and biographical data. Access to restricted collections requires permission from Department Staff, and will be determined on a case by case basis


Box
5 Acculturation (Relations Between Races). 1931-1957
5 Agriculture. 1947-1961
5 Alaska Native Service Act. 1965
5 American Indian Chicago Conference. 1961-1962
5 Assimilation (incl. Children and Young Adults). 1949-1961
5 Association on American Indian Affairs. 1953-1961
5 Bureaucracy. 1945
5 Bureau of Indian Affairs Congressional Appropriations. "1913, 1959"
5 Bureau of Indian Affairs Organization (Staff Directories). 1961-1966
5 Bureau of Indian Affairs Reorganization Task Force. 1941-1961
5 Bureau of Indian Affairs Services. 1952-1962
5 Changing Social Orders. 1961-1965
5 Claims. 1963-1965
6 Early Instructions to Field regarding Indian Organization. 1934-1941
6 Economic Development. 1949-1964
6 Education. 1931-1962
6 Federal Policy - General. 1929-1965
6 Field Enrollment Section. 1963-1965
6 Forestry on Indian Lands. 1940
6 General Data on Reservations - Reservation Maps. 1929-1965
7 Health Benefit Program. 1949-1963
7 Hunting and Fishing. 1934-1962
7 Indian Historian. 1965
7 Indian Land Policy. 1931-1965
7 Indian Resources Development Act. 1967
7 Judgment Funds, Programming. 1956-1964
7 Judgment Fund Rolls (Training Paper). 1965
7 Language: Lakota-English Dictionary. 1964
7 Law and Order. 1931-1959
7 Law and Order. 1934-1963
7 Law and Order. 1956-1959
7 Legislation - Miscellaneous. 1928-1964
7 Material re: Indian Reorganization Act (June 18, 1934). 1934-1953
7 Material re: Oklahoma Welfare Act (June 26, 1936). 1934-1936
8 Orientation Material - Distribution in Judgment Funds. 1962
8 Orientation Material - Tribal Attorneys. 1962
8 Orientation Material - Tribal Funds, Tribal Budgets. 1962
8 Orientation Material - Tribal Government (General). 1959
8 Per Capita Payments. 1950-1952
8 Powers of Indian Tribes. 1934-1958
8 Problems of Indian Administration. 1928-1955
8 Problems of Withdrawal of Federal Supervision. 1947-1958
8 Program for Indian Citizens. 1961
8 Racial Mixing. 1957-1963
8 Reservation Problems - General. 1929-1965
8 Resource Management (Land). 1938-1960
8 Special Projects - Tribal Government. 1936-1963
9 Task Force - Bureau of Indian Affairs. 1961-1962
9 Termination of Federal Supervision. 1939-1965
9 Treaties. 1964
9 Tribal Annuities. n.d.
9 Tribal Attorneys. 1958-1962
9 Tribal Constitutions. 1960-1965
9 Tribal Elections. 1956-1965
9 Tribal Funds (including Trust Funds). 1935-1960
9 Tribal Funds - Programming. 1965
9 Tribal Funds - Trust Agreements. 1959-1964
9 Tribal Governing Bodies. n.d.
9 Tribal Government. 1941-1965
10 Tribal Jurisdiction. 1956-1962
10 Tribal Land (including Fishing Rights). 1962
10 Tribal Membership Rolls (Training Paper). 1965
10 Tribal Political Problems. 1961-1966
10 Tribal Programs and Tribal Government (Folder 1). 1958-1959
10 Tribal Programs and Tribal Government (Folder 2). 1956-1958
10 Welfare (Social Security and Education: Indian Affairs). 1949


Series 3 - Special Problems - Tribal Operations, 1960-1965

The files in this small series also pertain to Quinn's work as the BIA Chief Tribal Operations Officer (see Series 2), but these files were set aside from other BIA materials and categorized as "Special Problems" files by Quinn. The files consist primarily of reports of tribal operations that identify or address special problems present in certain tribes of regions (e.g., Alaska, Minneapolis).


Box
11 Aberdeen. 1962-1965
11 Alaska. n.d.
11 Anadarko. 1962-1965
11 Billings. 1962-1965
11 Gallup. 1962-1963
11 Minneapolis Area. 1962-1963
11 Muskogee. 1960-1964
11 Phoenix. 1960-1965
11 Portland. 1960-1965


Series 4 - Non-Florida Tribes, 1892, 1936-1966

This series includes publications, histories, and reports about various non-Florida tribes. Most materials are filed according to tribal name, but some are filed according to geographic region or location. The majority of the files are arranged according to tribal name, but some are filed according to geographic region or location.


Box
12 Alaskan Native Affairs, Task Force on (Report). 1962
12 Arizona. 1958
12 Blackfeet. 1961-1962
12 Caddo. 1964
12 California. 1958-1960
12 Canadian Indians. 1965-1966
12 Cherokee (Eastern) - Indian Fair Association. 1958
12 Cherokee Survey - Reports by Quinn. 1959
12 Cheyenne and Arapahoe. 1961-1964
12 Cheyenne (Northern), Montana - Special Report, C.J. Cornelius. 1962-1964
12 Cheyenne River. 1957-1963
12 Chippewa. 1952-1964
12 Colville. 1960-1965
12 Couer d' Alene. 1958-1963
12 Crow. 1949-1964
12 Crow. 1958
13 Crow Creek - Lower Brule. 1960-1962
13 Devil's Lake. 1962
13 Delaware (Absentee). 1964
13 Flandreau. 1962-1965
13 Flathead. n.d. (ca. 1960)
13 Ft. Peck. 1958-1963
13 Ft. Hall. 1960
13 Great Lakes Agency. 1962-1963
13 Iowa of Oklahoma. 1964
13 Jicarilla Apache. 1960-1962
13 Kaw. n.d.
13 Kiowa, Comanche, Apache. 1960-1965
13 Kalispell. 1963
13 Kickapoo. 1964
13 Klamath. 1963
13 Kootenai. 1960
13 Malheur. 1960
13 Mescalero. 1959-1962
13 Michigan Indians. 1951
13 Minnesota Agency (Chippewa). 1960-1965
13 Navajo. 1960-1964
13 Nevada Agency. 1961-1964
13 New York Indians - Jurisdiction. 1960-1965
13 Nez Perce. 1960-1963
13 Northern Arapaho (Docket 329-D). 1963-1964
13 Northern Cheyenne. 1964
13 Northern Piaute. 1959-1963
13 Northwest. 1960
13 Omaha - Nebraska. 1949-1962
13 Osage. 1941-1943
13 Otoe - Missouria. 1960-1965
14 Papagos. "1936-1943, n.d."
14 Pawnee. 1963-1964
14 Pine Ridge. 1962-1964
14 Ponca - Nebraska. 1962-1965
14 Ponca - Oklahoma. 1963-1964
14 Potowatomi. 1960-1963
14 Piute - Malheur. 1959
14 Pueblo. 1963-1964
14 Quileute. 1962
14 Quinault. n.d. (ca. 1962)
14 Red Lake. 1962-1963
14 Red Lake - Pembina (Chippewa). 1940-1964
14 Rocky Boy. 1962-1964
14 Rosebud (Sioux). 1941-1963
14 Sac and Fox. 1957-1964
14 Santee (Sioux). 1962
14 Shawnee. 1964
14 Shoshone. 1962
14 Siletz. 1960
14 Sioux (Teton) Pine Ridge. 1962
14 Standing Rock (Sioux). 1962-1963
14 Stockbridge and Munsee. 1892
14 Tonkawa. n.d.
14 Turtle Mountain. 1959-1965
14 Umatilla. 1960
14 Ute (Confederated Band). 1962
14 Ute (Mountain Utes). 1960-1963
14 Warm Springs Reservation. 1960-1963
14 Wichita. n.d.
14 Wind River Reservation. 1960
14 Winnebago - Nebraska. 1962
14 Wisconsin. 1952
14 Yakima. 1955-1963
14 Yankton. 1962


Series 5 - Tribal Claims (Indian Claims Commission), 1950-1964

The materials in this series pertain to tribal claims before the Indian Claims Commission. The files include reports, ICC dockets, docket summaries, legislation, and publications. Most materials are filed according to tribal name, but some are filed according to geographic region or location.


Box
15 Chehalis. 1956-1963
15 Claims Cases (Docket Status Report). 1964
15 Confederated Tribes - Colville. 1959
15 Coeur d'Alene. 1957
15 Creek (East of Mississippi). 1962
15 Creek Nation. 1959
15 Delaware. 1954-1963
15 Duwamish. 1957-1963
15 Emigrant New York Indians (Oneida, Stockbridge - Munsee). 1957-1962
15 Indian Claims Commission Dockets 73 and 151, Pages 81-209. 1961
15 Indian Claims Commission Dockets 73 and 151, Pages 210-389. 1961
16 Indian Claims Commission Dockets 73 and 151, Pages 725-917. 1961
16 Iowa - Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Iowa. 1958-1963
16 Kalispel. 1958-1963
16 Kickapoo - Kansas and Oklahoma. 1962
16 Klamoth - Modoc. 1964
16 Kootenai (Idaho). 1955-1960
16 Legislation - Tribal Claim Cases, Special Projects. 1964
16 Lummi. 1957-1962
16 Miami - Indiana, Kansas, Oklahoma. 1954-1961
16 Muckleshoot. 1953-1963
16 Nehalem and Tillamook. 1955-1964
16 Nooksack, Joseph Louis. 1950-1962
17 Osage. 1962
17 Otoe - Missouria. 1956-1964
17 Ottawa (Oklahoma). 1960-1962
17 Pawnee (Oklahoma). 1960-1962
17 Potawatomi. 1958-1962
17 Pueblo de Zia. 1962
17 Quileute. 1958-1963
17 Quinaielt. 1958
17 Samish. 1958
17 Seminole (Oklahoma). 1958-1964
17 Skagit (Lower). 1959
17 Skagit (Upper). 1960
17 Skokomish. 1958
17 Skokomish. 1958-1963
17 Spokane. 1962-1963
17 Umatilla, Confederated Tribes. 1960
17 Warm Springs, Confederated Tribes. 1960
17 Yakima. n.d.


Series 6 - Photographs, 1939-1967

This small series includes photographic prints and negatives separated from files located throughout this collection. A number of the items pertain to Seminole housing and construction sites on the Seminole Reservations at Big Cypress and Brighton. Other topics include Sioux and Chippewa delegations and Lower Brule, South Dakota.


Box
18 Big Cypress Housing Sites (aerial photo). n.d. (ca. 1967)
18 Billie (Henry and Juanita) house. 1956
18 Brighton Housing Sites (aerial photo). n.d. (ca. 1967)
18 Cheyenne River Sioux Indians delegation. L. Gilbert, H. Bowker, D. Powell, T. Eagle Staff, J. Collier, J. Little Cloud (in costume) - Two Negatives. 1939
18 Consolidated Chippewa delegation. C. Roy, B. Petite, W. Nickaboine, J. Herrick, M. Burns, J Hougen - Two Negatives. 1940
18 Consolidated Chippewa, "I.S. Officials - Sommers" - One Negative. 1940
18 Lower Brule, South Dakota - Includes Cheyenne River, Big Bend Dam, Senator Mundt, Governor Gubbrud. 1964
18 Lower Brule, South Dakota - Includes Crow Creek. 1963
18 Osceola (Joe and Martha) house. 1956
18 Rosebud Sioux Delegation (Pearl) - Two Negatives. 1941
18 Seminole women awarded prizes for best home improvement by Broward County Home Improvement Committee. 1956
18 Unidentified Seminole house. 1956
18 Photo album (and news clipping scrapbook) - Miscellaneous subjects. 1957-1977


Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Indians of North America--Claims.
Indians of North America--Government relations.
Seminole Indians--Tribal government.
Seminole Indians.
Seminole Tribe of Florida--Constitution.
Seminole Tribe of Florida.
Tribal government--Florida.
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs.



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