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A Guide to the Indian Affairs - Florida Seminoles Collection

Finding aid prepared by John R. Nemmers

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections
August 2004


Descriptive Summary

Title: Indian Affairs - Florida Seminoles Collection
Dates: 1820-1974
Bulk dates: 1881-1947
Abstract: Photocopies of correspondence, reports, and other papers related to the Seminole Tribe of Florida found in the National Archives, primarily in the files of the Office of Indian Affairs between 1820 and 1897.
Extent: 3.75 Linear feet. 10 Boxes.
Identification: MS 147
Language(s): English

Scope and Content

Photocopies of documents in the National Archives including correspondence, annual reports, and other papers primarily related to the Seminole Tribe of Florida. The majority of the files contain correspondence sent to the Office of Indian Affairs between 1820 and 1897. Over fifty years of statistics and historical information about the Seminole Indians can be found in annual reports, which span 1895 to 1947. Topics for both the correspondence and reports include population census, land ownership, health, income, the Seminole War, "Florida Indians emigrating west of the Mississippi," Indian negroes, Seminole prisoners, education, crime, an Industrial School, and whiskey consumption. In addition, the collection includes a small group of catalogs created by the National Archives listing microfilm and resources pertaining to Native Americans.


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

The collection is open for research.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Indian Affairs - Florida Seminoles Collection, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.


Contents List

Series 1 - Annual Reports, 1895-1947

Photoduplicated annual reports containing narratives and statistics for the Seminole Tribe of Florida. The reports, which were submitted to the Office of Indian Affairs (Bureau of Indian Affairs) and the U.S. Indian Service, include population census, land ownership, health, income, and related information. Several reports were submitted by Lucien A. Spencer, Special Commissioner, and by Francis J. Scott and J.L. Glenn, Superintendents of the Seminole Agency. This series is arranged chronologically.


Box
1 Annual Reports (Statistics). 1895-1897
1 Annual Reports (Statistics). 1913-1917
1 Annual Reports (Statistics). 1918-1923
1 Annual Reports (Statistics). 1925-1929
1 Annual Reports (Statistics). 1930-1932
1 Annual Reports (Statistics). 1933-1934
1 Annual Reports (Statistics). 1936-1940
1 Annual Reports (Statistics). 1941-1947


Series 2 - Letters Received Chronological Files, 1820-1839

Photoduplicated correspondence received by Commissioner of Indian Affairs primarily pertaining to the Seminole Tribe and Florida Indians. Topics include the Seminole War, "Florida Indians emigrating west of the Mississippi," Indian negroes, Seminole prisoners, health, and population rolls. The files in this series are arranged chronologically.


Box
2 July-December. 1820
2 July-December. 1823
2 January-June. 1824
2 July-December. 1824
2 January-June. 1825
2 July-December. 1825
2 July-December. 1825
2 January-February. 1826
3 March-June. 1826
3 July-December. 1826
3 January-June. 1828
3 July-December. 1828
3 January-June. 1829
3 July-December. 1829
3 January-June. 1830
3 July-December. 1830
3 January-June. 1831
3 July-December. 1831
3 January-June. 1832
3 July-December. 1832
3 January-June. 1833
3 July-December. 1833
3 January-June. 1834
3 July-December. 1834
3 January-June. 1835
3 July-December. 1835
4 January-June. 1836
4 July-December. 1836
4 January-June. 1837
4 July-December. 1837
4 January-June. 1838
4 April-June. 1838
4 July-December. 1838
5 October-December. 1838
5 January-March. 1839
5 April-June. 1839
5 July-December. 1839
5 October-December. 1839


Series 3 - Letters Received Chronological Files, 1881-1897

Photoduplicated correspondence received by the Office of Indian Affairs primarily pertaining to the Seminole Tribe of Florida. Topics include land, education, crime, population, tribal leadership, and health. This series is arranged chronologically.


Box
6 Letters Received. 1881
6 Letters Received. 1882
6 Letters Received. 1883
6 Letters Received. 1884
6 Letters Received. 1885
6 Letters Received. 1886
6 Letters Received. 1887
6 Letters Received. 1888
7 Letters Received. 1889
7 Letters Received. 1890
7 Letters Received. 1891
7 Letters Received. 1892
7 Letters Received. 1892
8 Letters Received. 1893
8 Letters Received. 1894
8 Letters Received. 1895
8 Letters Received. 1896
8 Letters Received. 1897


Series 4 - Letters Received Subject Files, 1881-1897

Photoduplicated correspondence received by the Office of Indian Affairs primarily pertaining to the Seminole Tribe of Florida. Topics include land acquisition, the Christian Church, whiskey consumption, field work, education, crime, the Industrial School, health, and an anti-government attitude among the Seminoles. J.E. Brecht is a subject of much correspondence (e.g., pertaining to whiskey matters). The files in this series are arranged alphabetically according to subject.


Box
9 Anti-Government Attitude Among Seminoles (on homesteads, influence of white traders). 1891
9 Christian Meddling. 1884-1896
9 Education. 1881-1892
9 Health and General Condition. 1891-1892
9 Industrial School (lumber, oxen, saw mill, environment, administration). 1891
9 Industrial School (lumber, oxen, saw mill, environment, administration). 1892
9 Industrial School (lumber, oxen, saw mill, environment, administration). 1893-1897
9 Land Acquisition: Reservations and Homesteads. 1884-1888
9 Land Acquisition: Reservations and Homesteads. 1889-1892
10 Land Acquisition: Reservations and Homesteads. 1894-1897
10 Visits to the Seminoles, Field Work. 1891-1894
10 Whiskey, Temperance, Traders, Cattlemen. 1889-1895
10 Whites Stealing Cattle from Tribe and a Seminole-Managed Store. 1890


Series 5 - Publications, 1965-1974

Catalogs and pamphlets by the National Archives and a publishing company listing microfilm and other resources pertaining to Native Americans. This series is arranged alphabetically.


Box
10 "The American Indian: Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications". 1972
10 "Library of American Indian Affairs" (Catalog). 1974
10 National Archives Pamphlet Accompanying Microcopy No. 234. 1966
10 National Archives Pamphlet Accompanying Microcopy No. 606. 1965


Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Indians of North America--Government relations.
Seminole Indians.
Seminole Tribe of Florida.
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs.
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs.



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