Skip to Search

A Guide to the John M. Goggin Papers

Finding aid prepared by Eileen Parotino

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections
December 2009

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Goggin, John M. (John Mann), 1916-1963
Title: John M. Goggin Papers
Dates: 1912-1975
Bulk dates: 1930-1963
Abstract: John M. Goggin was a renowned archaeologist and anthropologist who worked in the American Southwest and Southeast, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The collection includes his field notebooks, his publications and research files, photographs, and newspaper clippings.
Extent: 12.5 Linear feet. 24 boxes.
Identification: Ms 44
Language(s): English
Online Content Items from this collection have been digitized and are available online in the UF Digital Collections. For more information please see the note below.

Biographical/Historical Note

John M. Goggin was born in Chicago in 1916. He moved to Miami at an early age with his family, where much of his childhood was spent in the Everglades developing his love for natural history and anthropology. He studied for a short while at University of Florida and then transferred to the University of New Mexico, where he majored in anthropology and began field work in the Southwest. His first publication was made while he was still an undergraduate. It dealt with the greater Southwest area and southern Florida. He received his B.A. from New Mexico University in 1938, and remained in the Southwest for some time serving as the curator at Colorado State Monument. He went on to complete his graduate work at Yale, receiving his M.A in 1946 and his Ph.D in 1948. Later that year, Goggin accepted a job at the University of Florida where he would work until his death in 1963 at the age of 46.

Goggin's career included work in archaeology, ethnology, and cultural anthropology. As a professor at the University of Florida, he continued his field work in Florida, Mexico, and throughout the Caribbean. His findings contributed important collections to the Yale Peabody Museum, the Florida State Museum (now the Florida Museum of Natural History), and other institutions. One of his most important contributions was his application of the concept of pottery typologies and seriation to the study of additional kinds of archaeological and historical artifacts. He was also the first to develop a time - space chart for Florida archaeology, as well as the first to describe and name cultural traditions amongst Indian tribes in Florida. He was a founder of the Florida Anthropological Society and editor of its journal and was an active member of the Eastern States Archaeological Federation. He was also responsible for establishing the department of Anthropology at UF and for creating an underwater archaeology program at UF. His work on Spanish olive jars and majolicas laid the groundwork for future historical archaeology of the Spanish circum - Caribbean.

In addition to his archaeological work, Goggin dedicated much of his time to the study of the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Florida Seminole, including studies of language, arts, and other aspects of culture. He taught classes in all fields of anthropology.

Goggin published many books and articles. Some of his major works include: Space and Time Perspective in Northern St. Johns Archeology, Florida; Indian and Spanish Selected Writings; Spanish Majolica in the New World: Types of the Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries; The Spanish Olive Jar: An Introductory Study; and Excavations on Upper Matecumbe Key, Florida.

Sources: Goggin, John M. 1917 - 1963. "Vita," Box 1; Weisman, Brent Richards, Pioneer in Space and Time: John Mann Goggin and the Development of Florida Archaeology. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, 2002.

Scope and Content

The John Mann Goggin Papers include: his correspondence with family, colleagues and peers, his publications, an assortment of subject files on various topics used by Goggin while conducting his research, and his field notebooks covering the years between 1932 and 1960. His fieldwork is also documented in photographs. Other sections of the collection include his class notes and newspaper clippings on various subjects spanning the years between the 1940s through the 1960s.

Correspondence includes letters organized by writer/recipient, as well as general correspondence arranged chronologically. Subject files, publications, and research files are are arranged alphabetically by topic or title.

The field notebooks of Goggin's excavations are arranged in chronological and researchers are referred to his published work and to Brent Weisman's biographical study Pioneer in Space and Time for information on Goggin's extensive resume of fieldwork. Newspaper clippings are arranged both alphabetically by subject and the more general clippings are arranged chronologically. Only about half of the photo collection is labeled with captions. Negatives are unlabeled. Slides are stored in slide boxes and separated by subject tabs. There are five scrapbook photo albums. One scrapbook is labeled on the front cover "Florida" and contains personal photographs and photographs of fieldwork in various places in the state. Another scrapbook is labeled "Bahamas Islands" and contains photographs from the Andros Island archaeological survey, spanning the months July - August in 1937. The photos in this album are labeled. A third scrapbook is labeled "Florida: Camping and Ecological Pictures." All of the photographs in this album are labeled. The fourth scrapbook is labeled "Mexico 1939" and it contains travel documents to Mexico as well as photographs, most of which are labeled. The last scrapbook is a large green album with no title. It contains photographs from various parts of Florida and spans the years 1932 - 1935. All of the photographs in this album are labeled.

There are ten card boxes numbered from 15 to 24. Box 15 is a miscellaneous box containing material such as artifact catalog cards, notes on types of plants, and bibliographical information. Boxes 16 and Box 17 contain notecards on Seminole ethnology. Box 18 contains notes on the Seminoles and early Seminole leaders. Box 19 contains notes on Creek ethnology. Boxes 20 and 21 contain notes on sites and material culture. Boxes 22 through 24 contain lecture notes for classes.

Access or Use Restrictions


The collection is open for research.

Related or Separated Material

Other material related to John M. Goggin's research can be found in the Florida Natural History Museum on the University of Florida campus. Scholars who published with and were close to Goggin include: William Sturtevant, Charles Fairbanks, Irving Rouse, David True, and John Swanton. All of these scholars are represented in the correspondence. Researchers who are interested in furthering their understanding of Goggin's research and history should reference the book Pioneer in Space and Time: John Mann Goggin and the Development of Florida Archaeology by Brent Richards Weisman.

Administrative Information

Alternate Form of Material

Digital reproductions of items in this collection are available online via the University of Florida Digital Collections (UFDC). Please read the Permissions for Use statement for information on copyright, fair use, and use of UFDC digital objects.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], John M. Goggin Papers, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Acquisition Information

The John M. Goggin collection was donated by Goggin's widow, Mrs. Margaret Knox Goggin, to the P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History.

Contents List

Biographical Information and Correspondence

1 Goggin.
1 Death of Goggin. 1963
1 Personal - Family. 1959-1965
1 Fairbanks, Charles.
1 Rouse, Irving.
1 Sturtevant, Bill. 1957-1963
1 Swanton, John R. RE: Fontaneda.
1 Smith, Hale.
1 True, David.
1 Goggin Correspondence.
1 Misc.- Olive Jars.
1 Correspondence. 1945-1946
1 Correspondence. 1955-1958
1 Correspondence. 1959-1960
1 Correspondence. 1961-1962
1 Correspondence. 1963-1964

Subject Files

1 Ancient Coins-Everglades.
1 Anger Site.
1 Anthropological Research.
1 Bahamas Archeology.
1 Baird Mound, Alachua Co.
1 Collections Surveys (Baskets) Bureau of Indian Affairs (Seminoles).
2 Cades Pond Mound.
2 Cape Haze Area.
2 Central Florida Spanish Missions.
2 Club of Exploration.
2 Convento De San Francisco-Numerical Frequency of Majolica by Tape.
2 Dania Reservation- Sturtevant.
2 Early Everglades Site.
2 Everglades National Park Conference.
2 Faunas in Middens near Miami.
2 Fish Eating Creek.
2 Fort Caroline.
2 Fort Pupa.
2 Glades Cross Mission-Bedell, Harriet M. (Deaconess).
2 Glades Paper-Current Writing.
2 Grants.
2 Hamilton Garden PatchHernando County.
2 Indians.
2 Indian Narration-Sturtevant.
2 L-39 - Indian Oil Field.
2 Johnson Hammock.
2 Jones Creek.
2 Key Largo.
2 Language Studies.
2 Late Florida Projectile Points.
2 Little Salt Springs.
2 Lundsford Site.
2 Nueva Cadiz-Columbia.
2 Onion Key.
2 Palm Point.
2 Pottery.
2 Prairie Creek.
2 Research Projects.
2 Selvidge Collection Data.
2 Seminole Notes.
2 Seminoles- Green Corn Dance.
2 Seminoles- Harrington Collection.
2 Seminole Land Claims.
2 Seminole Photos- Cory.
2 Seminole Postcards.
3 Seminoles-Sturtevant.
3 Seminole War, 2nd- Newspaper Articles and Materials Culture Summary.
3 Shells.
3 Shired Island.
3 Goggin, Sites: FL, Jamaica, Eastern Pueblo.
3 South America/Latin America Sociology.
3 Southeast India Culture and Organization.
3 Southwest Indian Tribal Culture.
3 Spanish Colonial Arts Roundtable Speech.
3 Spanish Missions.
3 St. Johns Area.
3 St. Joseph, Trinidad.
3 State Salvage Archeologist.
3 Suwannee River.
3 Tamiami Trail 3.
3 Timucua Area.
3 University of New Mexico.
3 Venezuela- Misc. Sites.
3 Vero Site.
3 Western Europe Notes.

Publications and Writings

3 Absolute Chronology in the Caribbean Area.
3 An Anthropological Reconnaissance of Andros Island, Bahamas.
3 Archaeological Study of Spanish Colonial Artifacts.
3 Archaeological Situations (Majolica).
3 Archaeological Work on the Upper Florida Keys.
3 Archaeological Survey of Rio Tepalcatepec Basin, Michoacan, Mexico.
3 Archaeological Survey of the Cay Sal, Bahamas.
3 Notes on the Archaeology of San Salvador, the Bahamas.
3 Artifact Typology.
3 Book Reviews.
3 Brief Communications.
3 The Calusa.
3 Central America, The unturned Key to the New World Archaeology.
3 City of St. Augustine: The Cradle of Christianity in America.
3 Comment on Witthoft's Eastern Woodlands Community.
3 Culture: Archaeological, Ethnological, and Linguistic-In North Central FL.
3 Cultural Occupation at Goodland Point, Florida.
3 Cultural Traditions in Florida Prehistory.
3 Early Lithic Complex from Central Florida.
3 Ethnology- Matecumbe Indians.
3 Florida Archaeology and Recent Ecological Changes. 1948
3 Florida Archaeology. 1950
3 Florida's Indians.
3 Florida Indian Trading Post: 1763-1784.
3 Fort Pupo: A Spanish Frontier Outpost.
4 Geography of Andros Island Bahamas, British West Indies.
4 Glades Area.
4 Glossary of Mexican Archaeological Terms.
4 Historic Indian Burial Alachua Co., Florida.
4 Historic India Burial Alachua Co., Florida.
4 History of the Shrine of Nuestra Senora De La Leche.
4 Imitation Shells in the Southwest.
4 Indians of Southern Florida.
4 Indians of Southern New England.
4 Indian and Spaniard Selected Writings.
4 Juan Ortiz.
4 Louisiana Choctaw Basketry.
4 Manifestations of a South Florida Cult in Northwest Florida.
4 New Mexico Anthropologist Publications.
4 Osceola: Portraits, Features and Dress.
4 Plaited Basketry in the New World.
4 Pottery Types from Central Florida.
4 Pottery in North Miami Beach.
4 A Prehistoric Wooden Club from Southern Florida.
4 A Preliminary Definition or Archaeological Areas and Periods in Florida.
4 A Preliminary Report on Certain Aspects of the Bahamas Project.
4 Rattlesnake Arrow Poison.
4 Regional Surveys and their Application to Florida.
4 Report on the Indian Mound in Flagami Hammock.
4 Revised Temporal Chart of Florida Archaeology.
4 Rollins Conference Papers.
4 Seminole Negroes of Andros Island, Bahamas.
4 Seminole Shoulder Pouches.
4 Silver Work of the Florida Seminole.
4 Snapper Creek Site.
4 Source Materials for the Early Florida Indians.
4 A Southern Cult Specimen from Florida.
4 Space and Time Perspective - St. Johns.
5 Spanish Olive Jar Introductory Study.
5 Stratigraphic Tests in the Everglades National Park.
5 Style Areas in Historic Southeastern Art.
5 Subsistence and Environment in Prehistoric Southern Florida.
5 Survey of the Rio Tepalcatepec Basin.
5 Symposium on Cherokee and Iroquois Culture.
5 The Tekesta Indians of South Florida.
5 Underwater Archaeological Research at Little Salt Spring, Florida.
5 Weeden Island.
5 West India Ax from Florida.
5 Zamia: Historical Ethnobotany.

Research Materials (Publications by Other Scholars)

5 Anthropology: Outline of Ethnographical Material.
5 Assimilation, Separation and Out-Migration in an Am. Indian Group.
5 Azulejos-Carbacho.
5 Azulejos Sevillanos (Lima, Peru).
5 A Choctaw Approach to Self Determination. 1971-1975
5 Biography on Beas-Buehler.
5 Bulletin of American Geographical Society. 1915
5 Bulletin of School of American Research. 1937
5 Choctaw History Chronology; Typescript. 1972
5 Color postal cards: Choctaw Indian Scenes. Circa 1960
5 Florida Indian topics; Misc. Clippings. 1959-1961
5 Friends of the Seminoles in Florida. 1932-1933
5 Haney, Willie; Hitchiti text w/ interlinear English. 1931
5 Haney, Willie; Hitchiti text w/ interlinear English. 1931
5 Hitchiti text with interlinear translation, in longhand. 1913-1914
5 Hitchiti Texts with interlinear English translation. 1912-1924
5 Indians of Florida, misc. correspondence. 1933-1958
5 John R. Swanton: A Sketch of the Hitchiti Language. 1921-1922
5 Letters pertaining to alleged descent of Simmons family to Seminole leader "Cowkeeper".
5 Misc. correspondence, notes and copies from Manuscript collection. 1928-1962
5 Miccosukee rights and use, land conservation area #3. 1970-1975
5 Muskhogee or Creek vocabulary, as spoken my Fl. Indians or Seminole. 1836
5 Oceanography.
5 Olive Jars.
5 Papers of Stanley Smith, Baptist Missionary among Florida Seminoles. 1943-1949
5 Hoxie, W.S vocabulary of the Seminole language.
5 Photocopy of original envelope from the manuscript collection of John R.Swanton.
5 Rabbit and Wildcat Hitchiti text w. interlinear English, longhand. 1913-1914
6 Seminole Indians, clippings/correspondence. 1950s-1960s
6 Seminole Indians, misc. associated clippings and correspondence. 1950s-1960s
6 Seminole Indians, misc. clippings, correspondence and photocopies. 1949-1963
6 Seminole Tribe, South Florida, Translation Key. 1881
6 Spanish Art in America- Bueno.
6 Source materials for the study of the Fl. Seminole Indians August. 1959
6 Various stories, Hitchiti Text with interlinear English. 1913-1914
6 Various stories, Hitchiti Text with interlinear English, longhand. 1913-1914

Southeastern Indian Photographs

6 Cherokee: Misc Items.
6 Choctaw.
6 Choctaw Fair Photographs. 1961
6 Choctaw Notes.
6 Choctaw: Material Culture.
6 Goggin Collection.
6 Creek Photos: Oklahoma Historical Site.
6 Seminole Artifacts Photographs.
6 Seminole Photos.
6 Seminole Photos #1.
6 Seminole Photos #2.
6 Seminole Photos #3.
6 Seminole Photos #4.
6 Seminole Photos #5.
6 Seminole Oklahoma #6.

Labeled Photographs

7 Archeology, Hillsborough Co. - WPA. 1936
7 Bahamas - Bar Silver.
7 Chalula.
7 Dolores Hildalgo - Pottery Wasters. 1952
7 Dominican Republic.
7 Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo). 1954
7 Eslabones.
7 Florida: Ci 29. May 1955
7 Florida: Co 17. Feb. 15 1959
7 Florida: Fountain of Youth Site.
7 Florida: G24/G25.
7 Florida: Hatchet Creek, Fish Pond.
7 Florida: Pottery - complete pots.
7 Florida: Ta 13. Feb. 21 1959
7 Florida: Ta 14. Feb. 22 1959
7 Fort Pupo.
7 Fort Sable.
7 Gainesville, FL. Feb. 1950
7 Grupo Guana Meeting. Havana Cuba. 1952
7 Key Marco: Recovered Artifacts: Smithsonian.
7 Key Marco: Views of Excavation Site and Local Area from Cushings Negatives. Circa 1895
7 Key Marco Artifacts, Masks, etc from Cushings negatives. 1895
7 Key Marco.
7 Key Marco.
7 Lostmans River.
7 Navajo child burials, Rio Puerco, N. Mexico.
7 Olive Jar: Jamaica.
7 Olive Jar: Panama (Mitchell).
7 Olive Jar and Majolicas.
7 Photos used for "The Spanish Olive Jar, An Introductory Study".
8 Trinidad, Cuba.
8 Turner River, Fla.
8 Underwater Archeology: Goggin at Oven Hill.
8 Underwater Archeology: Class.
8 Underwater Archeology.
8 Underwater Archeology.
8 Underwater Archeology.
8 Upper Metacome, ceramics.
8 Unlabeled Photographs (10 Folders).
8 Negatives (2 folders).

Field Notebooks

9 Florida. 1932
9 Mexico - Tarahumare Weaving. 1936
9 Florida. 1936-1938
9 Bahamas - Andros Island. 1937
9 Florida. 1938
9 New Mexico. 1939
9 Mexico I. 1939
9 Mexico II. 1939
9 Mexico III. 1939
9 Mexico - Southwestern Art Sketches. 1940
9 Mexico - Trip log book. 1940
9 Florida. 1940
9 Mexico - Field Notes I. 1941
9 Mexico - Field Notes II. 1941
9 New Mexico - Jemez. 1941
9 New Mexico - Kuava Ruins. 1941
9 West Indies. 1941
9 FL, TX, LA - Trip Records. 1942
9 Florida - Seminoles. 1942
9 Florida - Boca Chica. 1943
9 Florida. 1943
9 Florida - Field Notes I. 1944
9 Florida - Field Notes II. 1944
9 Florida - Cape Sable. 1944
9 Florida - Upper Matecumba. 1944
10 Florida. 1945
10 Florida. 1945-1947
10 Florida. 1946
10 Florida. 1947
10 Florida - Baird Mound. 1948-1949
10 Florida. 1948-1950
10 Florida. 1949
10 Mexico. 1949
10 Florida. 1950
10 Bahamas. 1951
10 Florida. 1951
10 Florida/Cuba - Cape Sable. 1952
10 West Indies. 1952
10 Bahamas. 1952
10 West Indies. 1954
10 West Indies. 1954
10 Mexico - Yucatan. 1956
10 Florida. 1956
10 Mexico - Posada, Toledo, Merida, Yucatan. 1957
10 Bahamas. 1960
10 Mexico - Mexican Songs. Not dated

Newspaper Clippings

11 Underwater Archaeology Clippings.
11 Bahamas Clippings.
11 Everglades Clippings.
11 Miami Clippings.
11 Misc Clippings.
11 Ponce de Leon clippings.
11 Santo Domingo Clippings.
11 Seminole Newspaper Clippings. 1931-1940
11 Seminole Newspaper Clippings. 1942-1949
11 Seminole Newspaper Clippings. 1950-1959
11 Seminole Newspaper Clippings. 1950-1959
11 Seminole Newspaper Clippings. 1960-1963
11 Seminole Newspaper Clippings.
11 Seminole/Indian Mound Clippings/SE Indians.
12 Clippings. 1944-1949
12 Clippings. 1950-1959
12 Clippings. 1950-1959
12 Clippings. 1950-1959
12 Clippings. 1960-1964

Class Notes

12 APY 201 Fossil Man Chart.
12 APY 538 Class Reports. 1954-1955
12 Field School.
12 MAI Reports. 1950
12 NAI Reports. 1949
12 Student Research: Wing, Elizabeth.
12 Wing, Elizabeth: Thesis Work.

Card Files, Scrapbooks, Photographic Materials

13 Negatives and Slides.
14 Scrapbooks and photo albums.
15 Artifact catalog cards, notes on types of plants, bibliography.
16 Card box on Seminole ethnology.
17 Card box on Seminole ethnology.
18 Card box on Seminoles and Seminole leaders.
19 Card box on Creek ethnology.
20 Card box on sites and material culture.
21 Card box on sites and material culture.
22 Card box containing lecture notes.
23 Card box containing lecture notes.
24 Card box containing lecture notes.

Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Archaeology -- Florida.
Archaeology -- Caribbean Area.
Seminole Indians.

For further information, please contact: Special Collections Access Services.

University of Florida Home Page