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A Guide to the Business Papers of William Moore Angas and Robert Moore Angas

Finding aid created by Frank Orser

University of Florida Smathers Libraries - Special and Area Studies Collections
January 2013


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Angas, William Moore, 1855-1932
Creator: Angas, Robert Moore, 1887-1955
Title: Business Papers of William Moore Angas and Robert Moore Angas
Dates: 1889-1953
Abstract: Business records and correspondence, primarily created and maintained by William Moore Angas, of several British-owned companies operating in Florida and of Florida companies. The primary companies represented by William Angas include the Land Mortgage Bank of Florida, the Florida Syndicate (succeeded by the Keighley Company), the Indian River Association, the Florida Finance Company and the Hollybrook Company. William's son, Robert Moore Angas, was a Jacksonville civil engineer who conducted his deceased father's business until all transactions were concluded. The collection also includes engineering papers of Robert Angas covering military installations in Florida and South Georgia, including Mayport Naval Reservation and the Jacksonville Naval Air Station.
Extent: 30.5 Linear feet. 30 Boxes; 54 volumes.
Identification: MS 121
Language(s): English

Biographical/Historical Note

William Moore Angas was born in 1855 in Great Britain. He moved to Florida in 1895 and was employed as an agent and manager of several British owned companies operating in Florida over the period of 1895 until his death in 1932. The principal companies with which William Angas was involved were two British companies, the Land Mortgage Bank of Florida, Ltd. and the Florida Syndicate, Ltd., described briefly by Alfred P. Tischendorf ("Florida and the British Investor", Florida Historical Quarterly 33, October 1954, p. 120). William's son, Robert Moore Angas, was a Jacksonville civil engineer born in 1887. Robert Angas conducted his deceased father's business from 1932 until all transactions were concluded in 1953.

In addition to the Land Mortgage Bank of Florida and the Florida Syndicate (succeeded by the Keighley Company), the primary companies represented by William Angas include a third British company, the Indian River Association, and two Florida companies, the Florida Finance Company and the Hollybrook Company. The oldest of the companies, the Land Mortgage Bank, was founded originally only to lend money on Florida mortgages. The Bank's principal properties were in Jacksonville residential properties and several orange groves. As a result of hard times following the freeze of 1895 and of poor, if not fraudulent management by its U. S. agents prior to Angas, the company was forced to foreclose on many properties throughout Florida, making it a large land owner by default. The same adverse conditions also forced the company into liquidation. When properties were foreclosed they usually reverted to the company's English liquidators, Robert Thomas Heselton and Benjamin Septimus Briggs, so technically the Bank never owned property at all, except that some deeds were made to it in error, rather than to the liquidators.

Angas's activities were to attempt to collect mortgage payments due the company, to sell the repossessed property under the best terms possible, and to manage it until a sale could be made. In addition to many lots and homes in Jacksonville, the bank controlled commercial properties and undeveloped lands throughout the state. Evidently, Angas did not participate in large scale plans to develop these properties, but he did cooperate with improvements such as road building, which would make the properties more saleable. Sometimes he would build new houses on the land, if he thought that would encourage sales. Much of the Jacksonville property was in poorer, often African American neighborhoods, where likely buyers lacked funds even in boom time. Once sold, the property often had to be repossessed. Some formal subdivision of the Bank's Jacksonville property did occur, as in Westbrook, Avondale, and Heselton and Payne's subdivision. The planning and selling of these properties was generally turned over to professional real estate companies. A couple of out of state properties were also owned. The rural properties included several orange groves.

Until William Angas came to Jacksonville in 1895, the affairs of the Bank were managed by a company composed of three men, J. C. Greeley, John Rollins, and Harwood Morgan. Affairs were in a very bad state. In the hope they could be improved, a new company, the Florida Finance Company, was formed, of which Angas became president. When conditions did not improve, the Land Mortgage Bank liquidators foreclosed on the Florida Finance Company, adding to the Land Mortgage Bank property. Apparently the old Land Mortgage Bank agents had been lending its money on poor security to dummy buyers and using the money for their own speculation. After 1895, the Florida Finance Company existed only as a shell and any business was conducted by the Land Mortgage Bank. Greeley, Morgan, and Rollins also were related with the Florida Syndicate and the Indian River Association. Legally separate entities, the three companies overlapped in various ways, through common stockholders and directors, which Angas on occasion referred to as "the Keighley clique," after the Yorkshire town where several of them lived, their common employment of Angas, and their common involvement with the Jacksonville trio.

The Florida Syndicate, unlike the Land Mortgage Bank, was formed in 1892 for the purpose of land speculation. Around 1900, the interests of the company were in four categories: the Jacksonville Brick Company, phosphate leases (primarily to J. Buttgenbach Company), 75,000 acres of wild land, and the Hotel Montezuma in Ocala. The principal objective in forming the Florida Syndicate appears to have been the acquisition of land for phosphate prospecting. Some of the properties did have the valuable mineral in sufficient quantity for mining, principally at Holder in Citrus County, and Angas oversaw mining operations. The Syndicate acquired the Jacksonville Brick Company in the 1890s, and operated the brickyard without much success. The fire of 1901 found the yard inoperative, but prompted a flurry of activity to get it back into production. Success was mixed. A few years seem to have been profitable, but the enterprise was always troubled. The principal problem seems to have been the difficulty of finding foremen who knew how to work with Florida clay and with the extremely high temperatures required to burn it. The kiln was in constant need of repair, perhaps also as a result of high temperatures. Although Angas was not the manager of the brickyard, he took great interest in it. The brickyard ceased operation in 1913, and Angas attempted to sell the property for over twenty years. The sale was finally concluded by Robert Angas, who sold it to the Jacksonville School District for a technical school. Although the brickyard business was owned by the Syndicate, part of the property on which it was located was owned by the Land Mortgage Bank, making it one of the points on which the interests of the two companies overlapped and possibly conflicted.

The Florida Syndicate purchased 75,000 acres of undeveloped land in Florida of which more than 60,000 were in Levy County. The property passed to the Syndicate from phosphate prospector John Dunne, and was part of the property Hamilton Disston had acquired from the state. Disposing of sixty thousand acres in Levy County was a particularly daunting task requiring many years of effort. The policy of the Florida Syndicate was to remove the resources from the land, in this case timber, and sell the property. Numerous leases were made on the property for timber and timber products. Divided into roughly 20,000 and 40,000 acres tracts, the deforested property proved difficult to sell and to keep sold, especially as cash became a very scarce commodity in the late 1920s and 1930s. In 1931, the stockholders of the Florida Syndicate liquidated the company and formed a new company, the Keighley Land Company, to take over its assets and liabilities.

The Indian River Association was formed the same year as the Florida Syndicate, 1892, and with several of the same principal stockholders. The company was formed by acquiring the assets of the Indian River Pineapple and Cocoanut Association, which had been formed around 1885. Principal stockholders included former lieutenant governor William H. Gleason and several of his family. By the time the Indian River Association acquired the property, its officers included Harwood Morgan and John Rollins. The property consisted of prime Florida real estate, including parts of Jupiter Island and Hobe Sound, property known as the Gomez Grant on the opposing mainland, and the Riverside division of Jacksonville.

The last company with which Angas was involved was the Hollybrook Company, a Florida company, of which he was president and a large stock holder. The business of the company was to sell lots in the Hollybrook subdivision of Jacksonville. As part of the development, the company donated land to the city for a Hollybrook Park. Angas's interest in parks seems apparent in several instances and appears to be the area in which he showed the greatest civic interest.


Scope and Content

Business records and correspondence, primarily created and maintained by William Angas, of several British-owned companies operating in Florida and of Florida companies. The papers include bound volumes (ledgers, journals, contract and tract books, a family scrapbook, and a short personal journal of Angas), business records (articles of incorporation, wills, legal documents, including abstracts of titles, annual reports, and tax returns) and correspondence relating to the activities of the companies.

The records relating to the Land Mortgage Bank primarily detail the management and sale of Florida property, including real estate in Jacksonville and orange groves. Much of the grove correspondence was written by or to foreman, H.S. Moreman, and includes detailed information on the management and production of these groves as well as the attempt to sell them. The constant inability of both Angas's buyers and renters to keep up with payments is a recurring theme of the correspondence. Because many of the Land Mortgage Bank's properties had clouded titles and the company was continuously engaged in title litigation, the most voluminous correspondence is with the Bank's attorneys, Fleming, Hamilton, Diver, Lichtler, and Fleming.

Efforts of the Florida Syndicate to sell tens of thousands of acres of property can be traced in the company's records and correspondence. The Syndicate files also contain rich information on brick making, virtually enough to reconstruct the production and financial history of the company as well as many of the technical details. Both Florida Syndicate and Land Mortgage Bank files contain material on the site itself, which contained its own clay pit. The Keighley Company correspondence and business was simply a continuation of the Florida Syndicate until business ceased in 1942 with the satisfaction of the Levy County leases and the sale of the brickyard property. Among the Florida Syndicate materials are detailed records relating to phosphate operations, including the mine at Holder in Citrus County. Reports on the amounts of phosphate extracted and the royalties paid are a regular feature of the Florida Syndicate correspondence until the depletion of the mine after 1910. A curio of the collection is a small group of letters from 1891, preceding other correspondence in the papers by ten years, regarding phosphate prospecting in Florida. The correspondence includes letters by Albertus Vogt, pioneer of the Florida Phosphate industry, and apparently played a role in the formation of the Florida Syndicate. Written even before Angas came to America, the survival of the letters is something of a mystery, since no other correspondence prior to 1901 exists.

The correspondence files preserved for the Indian River Association are for the later period, 1924 - 1937, and primarily concern the liquidation of the company and a controversy over the renaming of Hobe Sound to Olympia. An interesting aspect of the Indian River Association records is the documentation concerning the title to the Gomez Grant. In order to assure a clear title, the owners had a new abstract prepared. This resulted in a rash of correspondence between attorneys over the procedure for preparing the abstract and of documentation concerning the title itself. The attorneys gathered as much historical documentation as possible, back to the grant of the land from the Spanish sovereign to Eusebio M. Gomez in 1821 and collected new quit claim from his descendants whenever possible. Unfortunately all of the documents collected do not appear to have been preserved in Angas's files.

The collection also includes records of development and sales of the Hollybrook Company, which developed the Hollybrook subdivision in Jacksonville. A substantial part of the correspondence is devoted to Angas's efforts to have the city develop Hollybrook Park.

Although the Land Mortgage Bank, Florida Syndicate, and Indian River Association were doing business from the early 1890s, and Angas came to Florida in 1895, none of his correspondence is preserved prior to 1901. Some ledgers do exist from earlier dates. The obvious reason, that they were burned in the Jacksonville fire of 1901, does not appear to be the correct one. Almost ironically, the earliest correspondence is an account of the fire, but with observation that Angas's office building was one of the few left standing and no damage had been suffered. It's almost as if the fire had been the benchmark event to clean house and begin a new filing system. Indeed the file boxes, no longer preserved, in which the papers were kept, were numbered from one. From that day forward, however, it appears that every copy and every letter received was filed. Of course, the attachments that would have accompanied outgoing letters are usually not preserved. The oldest of the office copies is in very brittle condition. The great majority of the collection is correspondence and there are few remaining copies of deeds, abstracts, etc.

Financial ledgers, which have been preserved, make it possible to reconstruct the financial history of the companies. The correspondence has been purged of some of its most routine and non-revelatory aspects. If nothing else, the papers show the complexity that often accompanies real estate and financial transactions. Many are told piecemeal through correspondence that continues for years and even decades. Numerous bound volumes are preserved. Most important of these are the tract books through which it is possible to identify all the real estate holdings of the companies and to identify dates on which they were sold or leased, to whom, and other facts. Backing up these records are often copies of correspondence with the actual buyers which reveal the actual negotiations of the sale, later contacts with the buyer, if any. Attempts were constantly being made to clear or improve titles, and although the title work itself does not exist, it is often recapitulated in the correspondence, including history of the property and ownership and often personal details of former owners, or present buyers.

The files do not include personal correspondence. At times, of course, personal observations do enter the letters. Some of the more interesting correspondence in this regard emanates in later years from Robert Moore Angas. Although little actual business was being conducted in these Depression years, the younger Angas sent long letters back to England on conditions in Florida. Angas saw the construction of the Cross Florida Canal as the catalyst which would revitalize the Jacksonville economy. He gave an eyewitness account of the dedication ceremony at the beginning of construction and carefully followed its progress. He also comments hopefully on the coming of the pulp papers industry to north Florida and South Georgia, and monitored the number of trains carrying tourists through town as a barometer of coming economic conditions. The younger Angas appears to have been concerned with civic affairs and comments on his own role in defeating bond issues for a second bridge over the St. Johns River and a Duval County seawall.

The Angas papers also contain a collection of engineering papers of Robert Angas, consisting of studies he did of actual or potential military installations in Florida and South Georgia from about 1939 to 1943. Although many sites are covered, the majority relate to the Mayport Naval Reservation and the Jacksonville Naval Air Station, including many satellite sites in neighboring counties to be used in connection with the air facility.


Access or Use Restrictions

Access

The collection is open for research.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Business Papers of William Moore Angas and Robert Moore Angas, Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Acquisition Information

The papers are the gift of the five daughters of William Mack Angas, younger son of William Moore Angas. The donors have also made an additional gift of a collection of papers of Tracy L'Engle Angas, the second wife of William Mack Angas. When received they were in their original file boxes, apparently undisturbed in most cases since they were initially filed.


Contents List

Part A: William Moore Angas Financial and Real Estate Papers


I. Bound Volumes

These are primary financial records of the companies, including journals, ledgers, and cash books. Tract books, which indicate the property owned by each company and its disposition, are also included as are minutes of the Florida Finance Company and the Hollybrook Company. As the Florida Finance Company and the Land Mortgage Bank were inextricably linked, there may be an overlap in some of their records. Two Angas family items, a scrapbook and a brief diary, represent the small amount of personal material in the collection.


Volume
1 Florida Finance Company - Cash (volume 1: 1895-1898; volume 2: 1898-1900). 1895-1900
2 Florida Finance Company - Journal 1. April 20, 1895 - Feb. 28, 1907
3 Florida Finance Company - Ledger 1. Dec. 30, 1895 - 1900
4 Florida Finance Company - Land Mortgage Book (with Index). Sept. 6, 1890 - July 27, 1896
5 Florida Finance Company - Mortgage Ledger. 1896-1900
6 Florida Finance Company - Contract Ledger, No. 3.
7 Florida Finance Company - Minutes. March 13, 1895-Feb. 23, 1934
8 Florida Finance Company and Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Rent Ledger (4 volumes: vols 1-2 labeled Florida Finance and vols 3-4 labeled Land Mortgage Bank). 1896-1905
9 Florida Finance Company - Rent Ledger, arranged by property address.
10 Florida Syndicate - Tract Book. Records of property sold in various Florida Counties. Transactions numbered 1-252. Circa 1895 - 1930
11 Hollybrook Company - Cash book. 1936-1943
12 Hollybrook Company - Minutes. 1916-1934
13 Indian River Association - Journal. Jan. 1914 - Oct. 1928
14 Indian River Association - Contract Ledger. 1897-1907
15 Indian River Association - Contract Ledger. 1911-ca. 1920
16 Indian River Association - Contract Ledger. 1922-1923
17 Indian River Association - Gomez Grant Tract Book.
18 Indian River Association - Financial Ledger. 1924-1928
19 Indian River Association - Cash Book. 1917-1928
20 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Tract Book 2 [Records of properties sold in various Florida counties, Georgia, and Tennessee], Transactions 1195-193?.
21 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Tract Book. Records of property sold in various Florida counties (7 volumes). 1895-?
22 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Tract book of various Jacksonville properties and of the Lakeside, Guilford, and Fuller Groves. In loose-leaf notebook.
23 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Tract books. 4 volumes in loose-leaf notebooks (Vol. 1: City; Vol. 2: Brooklyn East Jacksonville; Vol. 3: Hansontown, LaVilla; Vol. 4: Oakland to End).
24 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Tract book.
25 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Cash books (volume 1: March 23, 1895 - August 31, 1896; volume 2: Nov. 1, 1900 - June 30, 1905). 1895-1905
26 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Cash books (volume 1: July 1905 - Oct. 1936; volume 2: Nov. 1936 - Oct. 1953). 1905-1936
27 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Journals (volume 1: Nov. 30, 1895 - August 31, 1896; volume 2: Nov. 1, 1900 - Oct. 1911). 1895-1911
28 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Journal. Oct. 1934-Oct. 1953
29 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Ledger. Circa 1900-1951
30 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Mortgage Record Book.
31 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Mortgages E. Circa 1889-1896
32 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Mortgages Receivable, E1-383. Circa 1894-1920
33 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Mortgage Receivable (includes records of Levy County lands belonging to the Florida Syndicate). Aug. 12, 1922-1925
34 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Contract Ledger No. 1. Circa 1896-1899
35 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Contract Ledger No. 2. 1905-1938
36 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida - Contract Ledger No. 3. 1932-1934
37 Angas Family - Scrapbook (mostly clippings relating to the Angas family and acquaintances).
38 Angas Family - Angas, William Moore - Diary. 1899

II. Documents

This series of files represents most of the non-correspondence materials found in the collection. The first box, in addition to a small number of personal Angas papers, includes documents which give background and history on each company. This may include some correspondence which was not part of the regular letter files of the companies. In addition, some Florida Syndicate correspondence which had legal sized attachments was moved to this part of the collection.


Background Materials on Companies and on Angas Family

Box Folder
1 1 Angas Family Genealogy and Personal Documents.
Handwritten (copy) Angas family genealogy.
Photograph of W. M. Angas and his wife, Elizabeth Mack Angas.
Estate Tax Return of W. M. Angas.
Specifications for two story frame residence for Robert M. Angas, Ortega, Florida. W. Kenyon Drake, Architect. Jacksonville. 1925
W. M. Angas correspondence regarding Military Service Club of Florida; 3 letters, Jacksonville. 1915
1 2 Land Mortgage Bank of Florida.
Memorandum and Articles of Association. June 1, 1889
Powers of Attorney to William Moore Angas. June 16, 1895 and Dec. 1920
Printed Financial Statement. March 31, 1927
Cancellation of mortgage given by Prudential Mortgage and miscellaneous quit-claim deeds. 1926-1947
Letter from Robert Moore Angas to A. Wyndham Heselton, wrapping up affairs of the Bank in Florida. May 19, 1950
Typed list of properties owned by the Bank; undated, 16 pp. (Page 1 missing).
1 3 Heselton, Robert Thomson - Last will and testament (copy). 1932
1 4 Brief of Clara E. Heselton vs. Land Mortgage Bank of Florida. Feb. 27, 1934
1 5 Brief of T. R. Heselton vs. Harwood Morgan, et al. Oct. 26, 1928
1 6 Correspondence between A. Wyndham Heselton and Robert Moore Angas and Heselton and Valerie England (Re: the advisability of her opening a rooming house in St. Petersburg, Fl.). 1936
1 7 Florida Finance Company (1895-) - Several documents relating to the history of the company, including its charter, bylaws, power of attorney, and stock certificates.
1 8 Florida Syndicate (1892-).
Certificate of Incorporation of the Florida Syndicate Limited. Jan. 13, 1892
Letter of appraisal from Charles Holmes and J. V. Burke to Florida Syndicate (Re: property in Marion, Citrus, Hernando, Sumter, and Clay Counties; Ocala. April 20, 1892
Power of Attorney to W. M. Angas. May 3, 1917
1 9 Early Florida Syndicate Correspondence- Collection of letters and documents predating the arrival of W.M. Angas in Florida, regarding phosphate prospecting and lands purchased. Correspondents include Charles Holmes, Harwood Morgan, and J.V. Burke of the Syndicate, Albertus Vogt, John Tillman, L.R. Eichenlaub of the Silver Springs, Ocala and Gulf Railroad Company, and Pickford and Wakefield Company. ca. 1891
1 10 Florida Syndicate Documents - Internal Records, Including annual reports of the Florida Syndicate and the Jacksonville Brick Company. Some letters with legal size attachments from the correspondence file are included. 1901-1933
1 11 Keighley Land Company (1931-).
Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Keighley Land Company Limited. Aug. 24, 1931
Copy of resolutions granting William Moore Angus power of attorney. Oct. 19, 1931
Annual Reports. 1931-1934
1 12 Indian River Pineapple and Cocoanut Association.
1 13 Indian River Association (1892-).
Certification of Incorporation of the Indian River Association Limited. Dec. 23, 1892
Special Resolutions. 1897, 1907, 1914
Special Resolution regarding company liquidation. Aug. 24, 1924
Power of Attorney to W. M. Angas. Dec. 21, 1925
1 14 Hollybrook Company.
Abstract of Title to Hollybrook. 1923
Divided statements (Final dividend declared May 14, 1943). 1926-1943
Annual Reports. 1931-1934
1 15 Framed Certificate designating W.M. Angas and George Sedding as resident agents for Florida Finance Company, Florida Syndicate, Hollybrook Company, Indian River Association, and Land Mortgage Bank.

Abstracts, Titles and Other Legal Documents Regarding Specific Property

Box Folder
2 1 Brevard County (S25, T32, R37E).
2 2 Gomez Grant and Jupiter Island (Dade, Palm Beach, and Martin County).
Abstract of Title to Jupiter Island and Gomez Grant. 1893
Abstract of Title to Jupiter Island and Gomez Grant. [1916]
Deposition of Robert M. Angas. 1935
2 3 Gomez Grant Documents (various legal opinions and correspondence regarding the opinion of title to the Gomez Grant).
2 4 Duval Co. - Avondale.
2 5 Duval County and Jacksonville - Misc. tracts.
2 6 Duval Co. - Heselton and Payne subdivision.
2 7 Duval Co. - New Riverside.
2 8 Duval Co. - Riverside.
2 9 Duval Co. - S. J. Melsons Addition.
2 10 Duval Co. - Westbrook.
2 11 Duval Co. - East Jacksonville (Lot 6, Block 17).
2 12 Jacksonville - Issac Hendricks Grant.
2 13 Jacksonville - Dogett's Map (Lot 1 and 4, block 77).
2 14 Baldwin, Fl. - Duval Cattle Company property.
2 15 Hardee Co.
2 16 Orange Co. - Thwing Investment Company vs. Asher.

Box
2 Addendum - A videocassette and other documentation regarding the later history of Florida Syndicate's 40,000 acre tract in Levy County.

Land Mortgage Bank Annual Reports

Box Folder
3 1-11 Land Mortgage Bank Annual Reports. 1901-1953

U. S. and Florida Tax Returns

Box Folder
4 1 Land Mortgage Bank. 1909-1924
4 2 Land Mortgage Bank. 1925-1936
4 3 Florida Syndicate. 1909-1932
4 4 Keighley Land Company. 1933-1949
4 5 Indian River Association. 1918-1922
4 6 Indian River Association. 1923-1928

III. Correspondence

The correspondence is basically divided by company with the greater part by far emanating from the Land Mortgage Bank and the Florida Syndicate (and its successor the Keighley Company). Within each of these two groups is a series of "foreign letters" between Jacksonville and the English officers and of Florida letters between the Jacksonville Company and its local business correspondence. American letters are from Jacksonville to England, and English letters, the opposite.

The two main subjects of the Land Mortgage Bank correspondence are real estate and citrus growing. While the company apparently was attempting to liquidate its real estate holdings, they needed management in the interim. A rather complete account relating to several groves the company owned and the crop produced is included. In order to make lots more saleable, the company built homes on them. Most of the real estate transactions relate to Jacksonville subdivision and neighborhoods, including Hansontown, LaVille, Riverside, and the Rollins addition.

R.T. Heselton was one of the liquidators, along with B. S. Briggs, appointed to handle the liquidation of the Land Mortgage Bank in 1895. WB Tetley apparently was attorney for the liquidators. Tetley apparently had also loaned a large amount to the Bank. Much of the correspondence relates to settling this debt, and in the early years of the correspondence, proceeds from the sale of property were transmitted to Tetley. After his debt was paid, most of the correspondence is between Angas and Heselton.

Angas comments liberally on commercial conditions in Florida. The Great Depression hit Florida and the company hard. Making problems more difficult, Heselton died in 1931. Months passed before a new liquidator was appointed, bringing what little business remained to a standstill. Finally R. T. Heselton's son, A. Wyndham, was appointed. In the meantime, William Moore Angas, had died on Nov. 15, 1932. His son Robert Angas, a civil engineer, took over the business of the Land Mortgage Bank on a part time basis. The correspondence from this time to its end is much sparser than in earlier years. Since little business was being conducted, the contents are of a more general nature. Robert Angas discusses conditions in Jacksonville and Florida, including his role in defeating bond issues for a second bridge over the St. Johns and a Duval County seawall. The major topic is perhaps his hopes for economic revival in Jacksonville, based on the construction of the cross Florida canal and discussion of the construction which occurred. He discusses the introduction of the pulp industry to Florida and the beginnings of the Naval Air Station in Jacksonville with which he was involved as a civil engineer. The correspondence virtually dried up during World War II, when Angas was employed as a consulting engineer for the U. S. Navy. A couple of financial accountings following the war conclude the correspondence, although all the property apparently was still not sold.

The Florida Syndicate correspondence parallels that of the Land Mortgage Bank, as Angas represented both companies. The foreign correspondence was conducted first with Jonathan Whitley, secretary of the company, and later with his son and successor A. de Winder Whitley. Both William and Robert Angas, however, were friends with other of the company's directors and conducted side correspondences. Robert Angas's letters with Robert Clough are less formal, at times semi-personal, and contain more general information than any other in the correspondence.

The primary subjects of the Florida Syndicate correspondence are the management of the Jacksonville Brick Company and the sale of the property following its demise as a business, royalties from the phosphate properties which the Syndicate leased, and the sale of its 75,000 acres of wild lands. Sixty thousand of this was located in Levy County. They produced a variety of leases for lumber and naval stores and proved very difficult to sell. There are special files on the West lease of a 20,000 acre tract and on the sale of a 40,000 acre tract to the St. George Alexandrine Company.


Land Mortgage Bank Correspondence

Box
5 Land Mortgage Bank foreign correspondence between offices - American Letters. 1902-1909
6 Land Mortgage Bank foreign correspondence between offices - American Letters. 1910-1925
7 Land Mortgage Bank foreign correspondence between offices - American Letters. 1926-1947
8 Land Mortgage Bank foreign correspondence between offices - English Letters. 1902-1906
9 Land Mortgage Bank foreign correspondence between offices - English Letters [Note: English letters from 1912 until 1927 have not been preserved in this collection. Some final letters on the termination of business in 1950 are included in files found in the Documents series.]. 1907-1912; 1927-1944
10 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters. 1902-Aug. 1909
11 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters. Sept. 1909-May 1911
12 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters. June 1911-Oct. 1912
13 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters. Nov. 1912-April 1914
14 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters. May-Dec. 1915
15 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters. 1916-1918
16 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters. 1919-1920
17 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters. 1921-1922
18 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters. 1923-1925
19 Land Mortgage Bank, Florida letters [Note: Correspondence for 1928 is divided between correspondence with the Land Mortgage Bank's attorneys, Fleming, Hamilton, diver, Lichtler and Fleming of Jacksonville and other correspondents.]. 1926-1930
20 Citrus Letters [Correspondence relating to the LMB's citrus groves for the years 1915-1925 is filed separately from other correspondence. For the years prior to 1915, citrus correspondence is interfiled with other correspondence. Bu 1925 all the LMB groves had been sold, so there is no later citrus correspondence. The principal correspondent is M. S. Moreman of Switzerland, Florida, who was employed as a general overseer of the groves.]. 1915-1925
21 Land Mortgage Bank. 1931-1950
21 Hollybrook Correspondence. 1931-1950
21 Indian River Association correspondence. 1924-1937

Florida Syndicate/Keighley Land Company Correspondence

Box
22 Florida Syndicate - American/English Letters. 1901-1910
23 Florida Syndicate - American/English Letters. 1911-1931
23 Keighley Land Company - American/English Letters. 1911-1944
24 Florida Syndicate - Florida Letters. Jan. 1904-Sept. 1910
25 Florida Syndicate - Florida Letters. Oct. 1910-April 1923
26 Florida Syndicate/Keighley Land Company - Florida Letters. 1930
26 Florida Syndicate/Keighley Land Company - West Mortgage Correspondence. 1910-1923
27 Florida Syndicate/Keighley Land Company - Florida Letters. 1931-1942
27 Florida Syndicate/Keighley Land Company - St. George Alexandrine Company Letters. 1926-1944


Part B: Robert Moore Angas Military Installation Papers

Robert Angas was a civil engineer who was hired by the U. S. Navy to do studies of military installation and proposed sites. Many of the studies concern the U. S. Naval Air Station in Jacksonville and satellite landing fields and bomb targets and the Naval Base at Mayport. The depth of the material varies from a page or two of notes on a site to detailed surveys, land ownership and taking records, and descriptions and drawings of installations.


Box Folder
28 1 Addison Point (Brevard Co.).
28 2 Banana River Naval Air Station (Brevard Co.).
28 3 Banana River Reservation (Brevard Co.).
28 4 Belmore Tract (Clay Co.).
28 5 Black Creek Bomb Target (Clay Co.).
28 6 Bostwick Bomb Target Site (Clay Co.).
28 7 Branan Field (Flagler Co.).
28 8 Bulow Field (Flagler Co.).
28 9 Bunnell Field (Flagler Co.).
28 10 Callahan Field (Nassau Co.).
28 11 Camp Blanding (Clay Co.).
28 12 Campville Field (Alachua Co.).
28 13 Carlisle Field (Clay Co.).
28 14 Cecil Field (Duval Co.).
28 15 Chaffee Field (Duval Co.).
28 16 Cummer Field (Baker Co.).
28 17 Daytona Beach Field.
28 18 DeLand Field.
28 19 Fernandina Field (Nassau Co.).
28 20 Fleming Island Field (Clay Co.).
28 21 Foremost Field (Clay Co.).
28 22 Ft. Lauderdale Field.
28 23 Francis Field (St. Johns Co.).
28 24 Gainesville Field.
28 25 Graves Field (Indian River Co.).
28 26 Halifax Drainage District.
28 27 Herlong Field (Duval Co.).
28 28 Jacksonville Heights.
28 29 Key West Water Supply.
28 30 Lake Butler Field.
28 31 Lake City Field (Flagler Co.).
28 32 Lake Disston (Volusia Co.).
28 33 Lake George (Volusia Co.).
28 34 Lake Woodruff (Volusia Co.).
28 35 Landing Field Sites.
28 36 Landing Field Sites II.
29 37 Lee Field (Clay Co.).
29 38 Malabar Field (Brevard Co.).
29 39 Maxville Field (Duval Co.).
29 40 Mayport Naval Reservation I.
29 41 Mayport Naval Reservation II.
29 42 Mayport Naval Reservation III.
29 43 Mayport Naval Reservation Deeds.
29 44 Melbourne Field.
29 45 Middleburg Field (Clay Co.).
29 46 Mile Branch Field (Duval Co.).
29 47 Naval Reserve Armory (Jacksonville).
29 48 New Hope Field (Glynn Co., Ga.).
29 49 New Smyrna Beach.
29 50 Opa Locka Field (Dade Co.).
29 51 Osceola Field (Seminole Co.).
29 52 Palatka Airport.
29 53 Palestine Lake Bomb Target (Union Co.).
30 54 Paxton Field (Duval Co.).
30 55 Pompano Field (Broward Co.).
30 56 Roseland Field, Graves Field, Vero Beach Field (Indian River).
30 57 Russell Radio Station Beacon (Clay Co.).
30 58 St. Augustine.
30 59 St. Mary's [Ga.] Field.
30 60 St. Simon's Island (Ga.) Field.
30 61 San Jose Parking Area (Bolles School, Jacksonville).
30 62 Sanford Field (Seminole Co.).
30 63 Spencer Field (Clay Co.).
30 64 Spruce Creek Field (Volusia Co.).
30 65 Switzerland Field (St. Johns Co.).
30 66 Titusville CCA Airport.
30 67 Tomoka Field (Volusia Co.).
30 68 United States Naval Air Station (Jacksonville). 1939
30 69 United States Naval Air Station (Jacksonville). 1940
30 70 United States Naval Air Station (Jacksonville). 1941-1943
30 71 United States Naval Air Station (Jacksonville) Appraisal Reports I.
30 72 United States Naval Air Station (Jacksonville) Appraisal Reports II.
30 73 Valkarian Field (Brevard Co.).
30 74 Vero Beach.
30 75 West Prospect Road (Broward Co.).
30 76 Whitehouse Field (Duval Co.).


Selected Subjects and Access Terms

Air bases -- Florida
Brickmaking -- Florida -- Jacksonville
Citrus fruit industry -- Florida
Duval County (Fla.) -- History
Florida Finance Company
Florida Syndicate
Forest products -- Florida
Forestry Associates
Forests and forestry -- Florida
Hobe Sound (Fla.) -- History
Hollybrook Company
Indian River Association
Investments, British -- Florida
Jacksonville (Fla.) -- History
Jacksonville Brick Company
Jupiter Island (Fla.) -- History
Keighley Company
Land Mortgage Bank of Florida
Land titles -- Florida
Levy County (Fla.) -- History
Military bases -- Florida
Moreman, Henry S.
Naval Air Station Jacksonville (Fla.)
Naval Station Mayport (Fla.)
Phosphate industry -- Florida -- Citrus County
Real estate development -- Florida
St. George Alexandrine Company



For further information, please contact: Special Collections Access Services.

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