Examples from the Florida Collection
Josiah T. Walls, U.S. Congressman,
The P.K. Yonge Library has a growing collection of resources for conducting research into the history of black Americans in Florida from colonial times through the 20th century. Specific questions about collections can be directed to the Curator for Florida History.
Read about a black regiment in Florida during the Civil War
Additions to the Collection
Race, Slavery, and Free Blacks Microfilm. Cataloged in LUIS and available. Records of the Freedmen's Bureau in Florida Microfilm. Cataloged in LUIS and available. Mary McLeod Bethune Papers Microfilm. Cataloged in LUIS and available. Papers of the NAACP Microfilm. Cataloged in LUIS and available. Centers of the Southern Struggle Microfilm. Cataloged in LUIS and available.
Major cateogries of microfilm
Records of Military Units, Colored Troops
U.S. Dept. of Navy, 1808-1865
American Missionary Assoc., 1839-1882
The Southern Workman (1872-1939)
Prior to the Civil War, three major conflicts in Florida involved the issue of African American liberty. From 1812 onwards, American slave owners in Georgia and South Carolina were increasingly angry and fearful of free black and refugee slave communities among the Spanish and Seminoles. Southern propaganda focused on these groups as potential leaders of slave insurrections. Black Floridians were therefore drawn into the great contest for possession of Florida played out during the Patriot War (1812-1814), the First Seminole War (1817-1818), and the Second Seminole War (1835-1842).
Report, American attack on
Students protest the closing of Lincoln High School,
The library's major manuscript collections in Florida politics and its collection of regional newspapers are both basic sources of information on the progress of the civil rights movement. The papers of the NACCP are currently being acquired on microfilm. Portions of the papers of Mary McLeod Bethune are already part of the microfilm collection, and additions are being made. The Zora Neale Hurston Collection features manuscripts and correspondence of one of Florida's foremost African American authors. See also the recommendations for searching the library catalog at Race & Labor in Modern America and at African Americans in Florida.
Colored Citizen (Pensacola, Fla.)
Pensacola, Fla.: Campbell & Washington
Publishing history: 1914 to 1948. Scattered issues, usually only one to two months for each year.
The Florida Evangelist
Jacksonville, Fla.: Rev. J. Milton Waldron
Publishing history: Began in 1896. Ceased in 1902. Only one extant issue, Jan. 20, 1900 (Reel 1B-1).
Florida Sentinel (Tampa, Fla.)
Tampa, Fla.: Florida Sentinel Pub. Co., Inc.
Publishing history: Began in 1945. This run goes only from Dec. 17, 1955 to Oct. 12, 1957.
Jacksonville, Fla.: The Florida Star Pub. Co.
Publishing history: Began in 1956. Run goes from 1956 to the present.
Alternate title(s): Florida Star and News; Florida Star News
Notes: "Florida's statewide black weekly."
The Gazette and Land Bulletin
Waycross & Brunswick, Ga.; Tampa, Fla.: Gazette Pub. Co.
Publishing history: Began in 1896. One issue only, Jan. 27, 1900 (Reel 1B-3).
The Jacksonville Free Press
Jacksonville, Fla.: Florida Advocate Pub. Co.; Rita Luffborough Perry.
Publishing history: (Sept. 16, 1987). Run extends from 1987 to the present.
Alternate title(s): Jacksonville Advocate; Jacksonville Advocate Free Press
The Miami Times
Miami, Fla.: The Magic Printery
Publishing history: Began in 1923. This run starts in 1958 and was only sporadically filmed until 1960. Continues to the present.
People's Journal (Jacksonville, Fla.)
Jacksonville, Fla.: J.W. Thompson
Frequency: Weekly (published every Saturday)
Publishing history: Begain in 1891. Four issues only from 1891 (Reel 1A-53).
Saint Augustine Post
St. Augustine, Fla.: The Post Pub. Co.
Publishing history: Began in 1933. Only issue on film is June 22, 1933.
The Tampa Guardian
Tampa, Fla. : Jas. T. Magbee
Publishing history: Began in May 1873; ceased in 1886. Scattered issues only preserved on film for 1878, 1879, and 1886.
Voice of the People (Atlanta, Ga.)
Published: Atlanta, Ga.: Bishop H.M. Turner
Publishing history: (Feb. 1, 1901). This run is from Feb. 1, 1901 to Feb. 1, 1904.
For complete listings, check the library catalog (s=African American newspapers), or go to the database for the U.S. Newspaper Project (Florida) and enter titles.
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